The BSCG was created in 1978 by the efforts of CBPF’s Cosmology and Gravitation Group for the development and enhancement of physicists, and specialized training at doctorate and post-doctorate levels of young researchers, particularly Brazilian and Latin American.
In the early BSCG sessions, nearly all students were young and came from Brazilian universities and research centers. Foreign researchers were mostly from Argentina, Colombia, United States, France, Italy, Peru and Russia, and they comprised one third of all participants.
The courses, seminars and debate sessions constitute a forum for studies and analysis on the main issues in Cosmology and related areas. Along the years, the BSCG has promoted integration among scientists and encouraged them to review and publicize the work done in major international research centers.